Cannabidiol is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Recent research in cannabis science has revealed that CBD is the second most abundant active compound in marijuana and shows great potential as an ideal form of alternative treatment for lots of health problems and conditions. Below are eight of the most interesting facts about CBD.
1. Cannabidiol is one of the main cannabinoids in the marijuana plant
The marijuana plant contains over 85 cannabinoids, the compounds that give the cannabis plant its psychotropic and medicinal properties. CBD is the second-most popular cannabinoid after THC and is found in many varieties of marijuana such as hemp, and can also be found in high concentrations in the Sativa strain that has a high CBD: THC ratio as compared to other cannabis strains. CBD is mainly taken in the form of oil.
2. CBD does not have any mind-altering effects
The main component of marijuana that gives you the ‘high’ is THC that binds to specific CB1 receptors in the brain which stimulates euphoria and alertness or paranoia. When ingested, CBD binds with CB1 and CB2 receptors through different neural pathways and therefore produces different side effects from those of THC. Whether derived from hemp or the cannabis plant, CBD does not have any psychotropic effects and does not affect your psychomotor or mental functions. This makes it an ideal form of treatment as it does not have as many side effects as THC though it may not be favored by users who take marijuana for recreational purposes.
3. CBD impedes the side effects of THC
THC and CBD are the main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant though they both have varying side effects. THC is responsible for the ‘high’ and the interesting thing is, CBD neutralizes this side effect. CBD does this by inhibiting THC from binding itself to CB1 receptors, therefore, neutralizing the effect it has on the brain. Strains high in CBD are generally more preferred by patients who do not enjoy THC as they experience reduced paranoia, memory loss, and anxiety, all of which are effects of THC in the body.
4. CBD has numerous medicinal benefits
CBD activates the endocannabinoid system in the human body and affects the nervous system, which makes it medically beneficial. It has been known to alleviate lots of conditions with research still ongoing in countries all over the world. CBD has been found to have virtually no side effects which make it ideal and safe for treatment even when taken in large doses and for children. It is mainly administered as cannabidiol oil which can be used to treat mood disorders as well as nausea and vomiting particularly in patients going through chemotherapy. It has also proven to be an effective anticonvulsant especially in children suffering from epilepsy and is also known to help relieve pain for example in patients suffering from fibromyalgia. Cannabidiol also has antioxidant properties as it eliminates free radicals which slow down neurodegeneration of cells and also impedes the growth of tumors and cancer cells.
5. Cannabidiol has a synergistic effect with other cannabinoids
Cannabinoids in the marijuana plant tend to have a greater impact on our bodies when working together as compared to the effects of a single cannabinoid on the endocannabinoid system. This is termed as the ‘entourage effect’, which makes CBD more beneficial when used in conjunction with other cannabinoids such as THC. For example, researchers found that a combination of THC and CBD acts as a better pain reliever as compared to using THC or CBD individually. The cannabis plant contains terpenes, flavonoids and other 400 components that enhance the entourage effect when used as a whole.
6. Cannabidiol derived from hemp is legal in most parts of the world
CBD hemp oil is legal in most parts of the world and this is because it contains an average of 0.3% THC which does not have any psychoactive effects. However, marijuana remains illegal in most countries and therefore makes CBD derived from cannabis plant illegal in many parts of the world. CBD hemp oil is ideal for patients looking for an alternative treatment that is safe and within the realms of the law.
7. CBD is safe for your pets
Pets can benefit from all the medicinal properties of CBD just as in humans since the endocannabinoid system developed invertebrates over 600 million years ago. It is a safe form of alternative treatment as it virtually has no side effects and is also a good alternative to THC that could have psychological effects on pets. It helps reduce anxiety, seizures and also inhibits the growth of cancer cells and tumors. CBD can also be used to relieve arthritis or joint pain in pets as well as help with skin problems.
8. There are several ways to consume Cannabidiol
CBD is mainly taken in the form of CBD oils that can be ingested either as a supplement or you may use it in cooking. It can also be applied topically to help relieve chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis. Smoking marijuana is also another way to consume CBD especially Sativa strains that contain a high CBD: THC ratio.
Surprisingly, there is still a lot left to learn about CBD but it is safe to say so far so good. CBD comes with lots of health benefits and is safe for you and your pets but it is always good to exercise caution so start slowly then ease into it.